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Portfolio >> Gabriel Metsu

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  • Gabriel Metsu - Burgomaster Gillis Valckenier and his Family
  • Gabriel Metsu - The Tippler (The Wine Drinker)
  • Gabriel Metsu - The Lazy Tippler
  • Gabriel Metsu - Woman Tuning a Mandolin
  • Gabriel Metsu - Portrait of Jan Jacobsz. Hinlopen and His Family
  • Gabriel Metsu - Woman Peeling an Apple
  • Gabriel Metsu - A Woman Seated at a Table and a Man Tuning a Violin
  • Gabriel Metsu - The Feast of the Bean King
  • Gabriel Metsu - Man and Woman Sitting at the Virginal
  • Gabriel Metsu - The Letter-Writer Surprised
  • Gabriel Metsu - The Lord of Misrule
  • Gabriel Metsu - Twelfth Night
  • Gabriel Metsu - Vegetable Market in Amsterdam
  • Gabriel Metsu - The Sleeping Sportsman
  • Gabriel Metsu - Visit of the Physician
  • Gabriel Metsu - The Doctor's Visit
  • Gabriel Metsu - The Music Party
  • Gabriel Metsu - The Prodigal Son
  • Gabriel Metsu - Virginal Player
  • Gabriel Metsu - A young woman seated in an interior, reading a letter
  • Gabriel Metsu - A Young Woman Composing Music
  • Gabriel Metsu - The Hunter and a Woman
  • Gabriel Metsu - Breakfast
  • Gabriel Metsu - The Hunter's Present
  • Gabriel Metsu - The Visit to the Nursery
  • Gabriel Metsu - A Woman Drawing Wine From A Barrel
  • Gabriel Metsu - Woman Playing the Viola da Gamba
  • Gabriel Metsu - The Apothecary (The Chemist)
  • Gabriel Metsu - Lady Seated in a Window
 
All 49 Artworks from Gabriel Metsu





Gabriël Metsu (January 1629 – buried 24 October 1667) was a Dutch painter of history paintings, genre works and portraits.

Metsu was the son of the Flemish painter Jacques Metsu (c.1588-1629), who lived most of his days at Leiden, and Jacomijntje Garniers, his third wife, whom he married in 1625. Jacomijntje was the widow of a painter with three children of her own. Two months after Gabriël's birth, his father died.

According to Jacobus Houbraken, Metsu was taught by Gerard Dou, though his early works do not lend colour to this assertion. He was influenced by painters of Leiden such as Jan Steen, and later by Frans van Mieris the Elder.

Metsu was registered among the first members of the painters' corporation at Leiden; and the books of the guild also tell us that he remained a member in 1649. In Leiden, it was alleged that Metsu left a brothel at six in the morning and took a prostitute to the Academy. In 1650 he ceased to subscribe, and works bearing his name and the date of 1653 support the belief that he had moved. Metsu was trained in Utrecht by Jan Baptist Weenix and Nicolaus Knüpfer.

In Amsterdam Metsu lived in an alley on Prinsengracht, where he kept chickens. He got into an argument with a neighbor and moved to a house on the canal side, where a daily vegetable market was held. In 1658 he married Isabella de Wolff, whose father was a potter and mother a painter. The Speed Art Museum has a portrait of the couple. Pieter de Grebber, a religious painter from Haarlem, was her uncle.

At the onset of the 1660s Metsu turned for inspiration to the art of the "fijnschilders" from his native Leiden. Metsu was responding to the market of Dou's paintings, who sold his paintings all over for exorbitant prices. Metsu may have also influenced Pieter de Hoogh. Around the year 1661, Metsu won the patronage of the Amsterdam cloth merchant Jan J. Hinlopen and painted his family more than once in a fashionable surrounding.

At least thirteen of paintings show carpets and he probably used the same model. He included several fine examples of minutely depicted floral and cloudband carpets in his works and even a silk Oriental rug, as well as so-called "Lotto" rugs which he for some reason, in contrast to his meticulous rendering of the floral carpets, depicted only in a very sketchy fashion. After Metsu died, his widow left for Enkhuizen, to live with her mother.

According to Arnold Houbraken, he often painted young women who either sold goods at market (fruit, vegetables, fish, poultry, or meat) or were grocery-shopping themselves for these things. Houbraken ends his biography with the comment that he was "of impeccable reputation", but he may have meant this ironically. Often, the subject of a Metsu painting was based on a popular emblem from an emblem book. This can give the painting a double meaning, such as in The Poultry seller, 1662, showing an old man offering a rooster to a young girl in a symbolic pose that is based on a lewd engraving by Gillis van Breen (1595–1622), with the same scene.

There is still some confusion about two paintings by Metsu — the Portrait of the family Hinlopen, now in the Gemäldegalerie, which for a few decades was referred to as The Family of burgomaster Gillis Valckenier, and Visit to the Nursery — in the Metropolitan Museum. There is some general resemblance.

The latter belonged to Jan J. Hinlopen. In 1662 Jan Vos published a poem about this painting, belonging to Jan J. Hinlopen. It might depict the Hinlopen family, but as the sitters have not been identified this painting it is more a genre work than a portrait.

Arnold Houbraken, in 1721, recalled the latter painting as the largest and finest work by Metsu he had ever seen. Franits calls it one of his most intriguing images. What makes this painting especially interesting is its provenance. The provenance of this painting is well-known, except for between the years 1666 and 1706. Most of Jan Hinlopen's collection passed to his daughters. In 1680, after the burial of his brother and guardian Jacob J. Hinlopen his paintings were divided in lots and given to his daughters but none of the paintings or painters is mentioned.

The scene is set in an imaginary room of unrealistically large proportions. The father gestures deferentially while a maid dutifully fetches a chair for this esteemed visitor. The chimney resembles the one in the former Amsterdam townhall, also painted by Pieter de Hoogh. There is a seascape on the wall and Persian carpets on the table and the floor. The carpet on the table is divided into compartments, which are partly vermilion red and partly purple red, and shield-shaped. The dark blue color of the borders on the carpet are relatively unusual. The dog in the painting could be a Bolognese. Hung in the reception room of Hinlopen's home, the Visit to the Nursery thus alluded to his powerful role in local politics.

Remarkable is that both paintings seem to be related to Jan's daughter Sara Hinlopen, as he apparently commissioned 'The Visit to the Nursery' on the occasion of her birth, while she is also the focal point of the Portrait of the family Hinlopen.
[Biography - Gabriel Metsu - 6Ko]
Gabriel Metsu (Janvier 1629 - enterré 24 Octobre 1667) était un peintre néerlandais de la peinture d'histoire, les œuvres de genre et portraits. Metsu était le fils du peintre flamand Jacques Metsu (c.1588-1629), qui a vécu la plupart de ses jours à Leyde, et Garnier Jacomijntje, sa troisième femme, qu'il épousa en 1625. Jacomijntje était la veuve ...
[Biography - Gabriel Metsu - 8Ko]
Gabriel Metsu (Januar 1629 - 24. Oktober 1667 begraben) war ein niederländischer Maler der Geschichte Gemälde, Genre-Werke und Porträts. Metsu war der Sohn des flämischen Malers Jacques Metsu (c.1588-1629), der den Großteil seiner Zeit in Leiden lebte, und Jacomijntje Garnier, seine dritte Frau, die er im Jahre 1625 geheiratet. Jacomijntje war die ...
[Biography - Gabriel Metsu - 7Ko]
Gabriel Metsu (gennaio 1629 - sepolto 24 ottobre 1667) è stato un pittore olandese di dipinti storici, opere di genere e ritratti. Metsu era il figlio del pittore fiammingo Jacques Metsu (c.1588-1629), che ha vissuto la maggior parte dei suoi giorni a Leiden, e Garniers Jacomijntje, la sua terza moglie, che sposò nel 1625. Jacomijntje era la vedova...
[Biography - Gabriel Metsu - 7Ko]
Gabriel Metsu (enero de 1629 - enterrados 24 de octubre 1667) fue un pintor holandés de la pintura de historia, obras costumbristas y retratos. Metsu era hijo del pintor flamenco Jacques Metsu (c.1588-1629), que vivió la mayor parte de sus días en Leiden, y Garniers Jacomijntje, su tercera esposa, con quien se casó en 1625. Jacomijntje era la viuda...
[Biography - Gabriel Metsu - 7Ko]
Габриель Метсю (январь 1629 - похоронен 24 октября 1667) был голландский художник истории картины, жанровые работы, портреты. Метсю был сыном фламандский живописец Жак Метсю (c.1588-1629), который прожил большую часть своих дней в городе Лейден, и Jacomijntje Garniers, его третьей женой, на которой он женился в 1625 году. Jacomijntje была вдовой ху...
[Biography - Gabriel Metsu - 12Ko]
加布里埃尔· 梅特苏(1629年1月 - 1667年10月24埋)是荷兰画家的历史绘画,流派的作品和肖像。 梅特苏是佛兰芒画家雅克· 梅特苏(c.1588-1629),住在莱顿,他的大部分日子,和Jacomijntje Garniers,他的第三任妻子,他在1625年结婚的儿子。 jacomijntje三个孩子,她自己是一个画家的遗孀。加布里埃尔出生两个月后,他的父亲去世了。 梅特苏被据雅克布斯Houbraken,由杰拉德窦任教,但他的早期作品不适合的颜色这种说法。他是受月斯蒂恩如画家莱顿,后来弗兰斯· 范Mieris老。 梅特苏注册画家团的首批成员,在莱顿之间 公会的书也告诉我们,他仍然在1649年的成员。在莱顿,据称梅特苏,六点钟离开妓院在早晨和妓女学...
[Biography - Gabriel Metsu - 3Ko]
Gabriel Metsu (Janeiro de 1629 - enterrado 24 outubro de 1667) foi um pintor holandês de pinturas históricas, obras de gênero e retratos. Metsu era o filho do pintor flamengo Jacques Metsu (c.1588-1629), que viveu a maior parte de seus dias em Leiden, e Garniers Jacomijntje, sua terceira esposa, com quem se casou em 1625. Jacomijntje era a viúva de...
[Biography - Gabriel Metsu - 7Ko]
ガブリエル· メツ監督(1629年1月から1667年10月24日に埋葬)は、歴史画、ジャンルの作品や肖像画のオランダの画家であった。 メツ監督は、彼が1625年に結婚したフランドルのライデンで彼の日のほとんどを生きた画家ジャック· メツ(c.1588-1629)と、JacomijntjeのGarniers、彼の3番目の妻の息子だった。 Jacomijntjeは彼女自身の3人の子供と画家の未亡人であった。二ヶ月ガブリエルの出生後、父親が死亡した。 彼の初期の作品は、このアサーションに色を貸していませんがヤコブスフーブラケンによると、メツ監督は、ドウジェラールによって教えられた。彼はそのような日​​ステーンなどライデンの画家の影響を受け、後にフランスバンでエルダーミーリス...
[Biography - Gabriel Metsu - 4Ko]
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